14.12.2018 - Successful projects are often defined in the first few months, during the specification phase. Knowing what your use-cases are, identifying the success factors and knowing your options is key. While the question of form factor and substrate seemed very easy for many years, the options have grown offering new possibilities and cost optimisations. Proven technologies combined with digital elements are being rediscovered.
This is an article published in Reconnaissance ID & Secure Document News, Volume 6, No 11, November 2018. Download here
Identity and travel documents are, depending on where you operate, issued in clean, well connected offices. And the document bearers will be able to take care of them during the regulated service life.
However, as many readers are also aware, that this often isn’t the case. A vast number of issuing bodies and their depending population cannot rely on such ideal circumstances. When it comes to forced migrants and disaster management, the time and supply component become even more challenging. Conventional approaches are highly reputable, but often are not truly suitable.
Credit card brands, loyalty schemes and the International Civil Aviation Organisation
(ICAO) endorse ISO/IEC 7810 using a card format of 8.55mm x 5.54mm, also called
ID1, for travel documents. This is a very practical size, fitting into the wallet nicely and
facilitating electronic machine readability for magnetic stripes and contact chips.
For use-cases not bound to this form factor, the possibilities to reflect on workflows,
materials and security are broader, and full of options. Such documents are vital
records and birth certificates, emergency documents, property deeds, refugee IDs,
diplomas etc. In fact, the options might be more than we could be aware of.
Paper based documents are, in most cases, either printed on office paper (nonsecure,
non-durable), security paper (better security, better durability), and sometimes on plastic sheets (non-secure, durable). For use-cases that need to be both secure and very robust, the most popular choice is moving onto a card.
This has an impact on most of your workflow, starting with a multitude of consumables (ie. cards, print ribbons, holo patches etc.), and the infrastructure for issuance. In the last few years, various cases have emerged where the system requirements and the budget involved were underestimated. As a result, both goals of longevity and security are often missed when the budget is too limited to do it right.
New and proven alternative
Emergency travel document (ETD) with colour inkjet print, machine readable elements, multi-coloured fibres and watermarks A new option to be seriously considered consists of various forms of polymeric papers. The banknote industry is applying this new technology, where robustness, cleanliness and security are believed to have been successfully united. While the pure foils or compounds are new, with still a relatively short track-record, a method of mixing synthetic fibres with pulp and then processing them on actual paper machines by adding embedded security features has been proven for over 50 years – and is experiencing in the last months a renaissance. Innovative companies and governments are just rediscovering the immense advantages of these truly synthetic papers.
Security features as you would expect from secure document paper combined with robustness in most severe conditions (camp situations, exposure to the elements) are serious characteristics. For the printing you most likely can rely on your current infrastructure, like toner-laser or inkjet.
Specific inkjet printers are now available, capable of deeply linking with the substrate. The data ranges from the typical visual data to machine readable encrypted QR codes. Select solutions offer to print the data additionally in UV fluorescent ink, adding additional layers of security. Where needed, the issuance infrastructure is complemented by buffering power supplies, allowing for continued production during a power failure of several hours.
An important aspect to consider is the logistical security: how can stocks be secured and how can the issuance process be protected from single points of infiltration. Avoiding having blank documents already carrying most security features, these should be spread out into various phases of issuance, both physically and by authorisation to access and use. Thus, only the combination of multicomponent physical and digital elements will finally constitute a rightful document. Replacing the widespread chops or stamps by highly secured and trackable security seals rounds off such a concept.
A piece of advice
For compiling the specifications of a new project, the author advises every agency to make sure to diligently describe the environment and mission critical boundaries.